Gwalior Fort: Rich and Historical Fort of India


Gwalior Fort is one of the largest in the country of India. The reason it is called ‘Gwalior’ is due to a link to Saint Gwalava. Hence, the name ‘Gwalior’. Situated in the center state of the country ‘Madhya Pradesh’, the Mughal Emperor Barbur called this magnificent fort ‘the pearl of the necklace’ – with reference to forts of Hind.’ The fort has now got printed on Indian Postal Services stamp. The for is popular for a rich history and a brilliant architecture. Below these topics are given in detail with other points like how to reach, best time to visit, etc.

History of Gwalior Fort

The fort was built by Raja Man Singh Tomar more than 500 years ago and then    went from the Tomars to Mughals, Marathas, British, and finally the Scindhias. Historians say there are some interiors of the palace date back to 727 AD while the Chaturbhuj Temple (connected closely to Teli-ka-Mandir) goes back to 875 AD. The fort has seen many rulers and dynasties even before the Tomars, right from the eighth century including the Rajput Kacchwa Pal Dynasty, Pratihar Rulers &Turkish Rulers. In the 15th century the Lodhi Dynasty took over the fort after which the Suri Dynasty shifted base from Delhi to Gwalior to escape attacks from the West.

The Suri successors appointed Hem Chandra Vikramaditya to be his Army chief cum Prime Minister in his Army. Hemu attacked the Adil Shah Regime more than 20 times and finally defeated them more than 15 years later. After winning over Akbar’s forces at Delhi & Agra, the Vikramaditya King established ‘Hindu Raj’ and received coronation on 07th October 1556 at Purana Quila in New Delhi. Legendary Queen Laxmi Bai of Jhansi fought her last battle at Gwalior Fort.

 Architecture of Gwalior Fort

This invincible fort has several water reservoirs, six mighty palaces & three temples inside its strong walls that are made of sandstone. There is brilliant sculpting on the rock exterior of the fort built over an area of 3 square kilometers. A steep road on top of the 15 meter – high walls gets thinner as you reach the fort on an isolated rock. There are two interesting partitions of the palace you cannot miss – Gujari Mahal & Man Mandir Palace.

(i) Museum run by ASI (Archaeological Survey of India). There are interesting historical exhibits identified & displayed. (While the State Archaeological Department permits paid photography, the Central ASI run museums prohibits photography within the fort). The Jain Tirthankars &Hindu Avatar descriptive pillars have one common concept – Earth life is guided by supernatural beings that divulge their powers when required. Vishnu can be seen in various forms.

(ii) A water pavilion where dance performances were held during the Mughal rule. King Man Singh built the Gujri Palace for his beloved queen – Mrignayani that is now a museum.

The Man Mandir Palace is another partition of the Palace. Other significant portions include the Jauhar Kund (where the king’s women burnt themselves to death at their king’s defeat in the twelfth century), the  Karan Palace, the Jahangir Mahal, and the Shah Jahan Mahal.

There are three renowned temples. The most popular is Teli-ka-Mandir which is built in Dravidian style  and features a sculpted exterior. Then two pillared temples stand side by side called as Saas - Bahu Mandirs.  

Entry Timings and Entry Fees: The Fort is open for visitors all days from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM. But the structures and monuments inside the fort are open for visitors only from 9:00 AM to 5:30 PM.

Entry Fees at Gwalior Fort

Domestic Tourist: INR 75 / Visitor
International Tourist: INR 250 / Visitor
Kids less than 15 years of age: Entry Free

Best Time to Visit: Winters are cold as temperatures dip to -3degrees& Monsoons have heavy rains in Central/ North India. Summers can get too hot as temperatures go up to almost 50 degrees. So most visitors find it comfortable to visit during the months of October to Mid- March before temperature rises.

There are several nearby tourist places beside Gwalior including Agra famous for Taj Mahal and other ancient monuments. Apart from tourism Gwalior is connected with many nearby cities

How To Reach:

Air: Gwalior is situated only 8 km from city Airport with several flights connecting cities like Bhopal, Mumbai, Agra, Indore, Jaipur and Varanasi. The nearest International airport is in Delhi situated 321 km from Gwalior.

Train: Trains from Southern (Delhi to Chennai route) & western India (Delhi to Mumbai rail) stop at Gwalior. The major Gwalior railway junction (Rlwy Code: GWL) directly connects several main cities in India. The finest luxury train Maharajas Express Train has Gwalior Fort as sightseeing spots.

Road: Gwalior has many state run buses and private buses including Deluxe and A/C buses running on several routes.

So, plan your trip and know about the schedule of Maharajas Express train then travel to Gwalior and explore the mesmerizing fort.
Gwalior Fort: Rich and Historical Fort of India Gwalior Fort: Rich and Historical Fort of India Reviewed by My Magazine on January 18, 2018 Rating: 5

No comments

Note: only a member of this blog may post a comment.